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Understanding MOL (Local Microorganisms)
Microorganisms are very small living creature with the ability is very important in the continuity of the life cycle of organisms in the biosphere. Microorganisms capable of carrying out any activity or biochemical reactions to establish cell proliferation. Microorganisms are classified into the class of protists consisting of bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and algae (Dervish et al., 1992). Microorganisms decompose organic matter and the remains of the elements of life become simpler (Sumarsih, 2003). According Budiyanto (2002), the microorganism has the function as an agent of biochemical processes in the conversion of organic compounds into inorganic compounds derived from crop residues and animal.

Local Microorganisms (MOL) is a microorganism that is used as a starter in the manufacture of solid organic fertilizer and liquid fertilizer. MOL main ingredient consists of several components, namely carbohydrates, glucose, and a source of microorganisms. The base material for fermentation MOL solution may come from agriculture, plantation, as well as household organic waste. Carbohydrates as a source of nutrients for the microorganisms can be obtained from organic waste such as rice water, cassava, wheat, grass, and leaves of Gliricidia. Source of glucose derived from liquid brown sugar, granulated sugar, and coconut water, as well as the source of microorganisms derived from the bark of rotten fruit, shrimp, conch, rice casserole, and cow urine (Hadinata, 2008).

According Fardiaz (1992), all the microorganisms that grow on certain materials require organic matter for the growth and metabolic processes. Microorganisms that grow and develop in a material can cause a variety of changes in the physical and chemical composition, such as discoloration, the formation of sediment, turbidity, formation of gas and sour smell (Hidayat, 2006).

MOL solution is a solution-based fermented from various local resources available. MOL solution containing macro and micro elements and also contain bacteria that could potentially as decomposing organic matter, plant stimulants, and as agents controlling pests and plant diseases, so that MOL can be used both as a biological fertilizer and as decomposers of organic pesticides, especially as fungicides. One fairly inexpensive activator is a solution of MOL (Micro Organisms Local). The three main ingredients in the solution MOL:
Carbohydrates. This material is needed bacteria / microorganism as an energy source. To provide carbohydrates for microorganisms can be obtained from rice washing water, a former rice / rice casserole, cassava, potatoes, wheat, bran / rice bran etc.
Glucose. This material also as a source of energy for microorganisms spontaneous (easier to eat them). Glucose can be obtained from sugar, brown sugar, molasses, sugar water, coconut water, water sap etc.
Source of bacteria (microorganisms locally). Material that contains many microorganisms that are beneficial to plants such as rotten fruit, rotten vegetables, snails, rice, bamboo shoots, banana weevil, urine rabbit, pumpkin leaf and fruit maja, and can take a healthy plant roots one elephant grass roots. MOL is usually in not only contain one type of microorganism but some micro-organisms including Rhizobium sp, sp Azospirillium, Azotobacter sp, Pseudomonas sp, Bacillus sp and bacterial phosphate solvent, and microorganism PGPR to know about PGPR can be read also "About PGPR and benefits for the plant" .

There are several ways of breeding MOL are easily made, one of which create local micro-organisms (MOL) banana weevil, namely:

MOL making materials banana weevil:

  • 1 kg of banana weevil
  • 2 ounces of brown sugar
  • 5 liters of rice water.
  • 2.5 liters of coconut water
description: do not fill local breeding micro-organisms, could fill half of a breeding.
How to make banana weevil MOL:
  • Banana weevil cut into small pieces and then pounded-mashed
  • pieces - pieces of brown sugar and enter the rice water and stir until dissolved
  • Combine rice water existing in the sugar banana weevil.
  • Enter in jerry (breeding) cans and cover tightly, every 2 days or if the ballooned open the lid.
  • From his own experience after 15 days is usually ready for use.
Once again the author Farmers invite colleagues to always utilize the materials that exist around our environment. Especially for colleagues Farmers who want to save their farm, or fellow farmers "sorry" does not have enough funds for their farm. Try if we practice and we apply MOL recipes that the author gave some time ago, certainly could greatly reduce the cost of our efforts. At least can reduce the cost of purchasing chemical fertilizer and liquid organic fertilizer.

Bibliography :
Adianto, Dr. 1993. Biology of Agriculture. Publisher Alumni, Bandung. 132 pp.
Fardiaz, S. 1989. Food Microbiology. Department of Education Director General of Higher Education. IPB, Bogor.
Budiyanto, M. 2002. Applied Microbiology. University of  Muhammadiyah Malang. 159 pp.

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