At this time, urban land has begun limited, so that people in urban areas began to shortage of space to come into contact with agricultural cultivation. So with the development of science is increasing, created a new system of agricultural innovation by cropping up that vertikultur.
In addition to green the yard, vertikultur system also can be used as a source of food that is healthy if the grow various types of vegetables without using chemicals or the more popular organic farming. Vertikultur not just a vertical garden, but this idea will stimulate someone to create a repertoire of biodiversity in the narrow yard though. Vertical structure, allows users to create and maintain it. Vertikultur agriculture not only as a source of food but also creates a natural atmosphere pleasant.
Models, materials, size, container vertikultur very much, stay adapted to the conditions and desires. Is generally rectangular, triangular, or shaped like a staircase, with a few steps -undakan or a shelf. Materials can be either bamboo or PVC pipes, cans, bags of rice sheets even can, because one of vertikultur philosophy is to utilize the former objects around us.
Vertikultur requirements are strong and easily moveable. The plants to be planted should be tailored to the needs and have high economic value, short-lived and short roots. Vegetable crops are often cultivated vertikultur include lettuce, kale, spinach, pakcoy, caisim, basil, tomato, melon, beans, cucumbers and other leafy vegetable crops.
For commercial purposes, the development of this vertikultur economic aspects need to be considered in order not to exceed the production cost of revenues from the sale of the plant. As for hobbyists, vertikultur can be used as a medium for creativity and obtain healthy and high quality harvests.
Making the planting container vertikultur
Example one planting container made of two poles for each length of 120 cm, with the distribution of 100 cm to 20 cm planting container and the rest to be planted into the ground. At each bamboo planting hole will be created as many as 10 pieces. Bamboo was chosen the most big trunk, then cut according to the specified size. The better the quality of bamboo, the longer the period of use. At 20 cm there are segments which will be the last segment is calculated from the top. All except the last segment of the bamboo cracked by using a crowbar so that the whole space in an open bamboo. In part this will then be placed planting medium. For the last segment is not cracked a whole, but only made a small hole with a nail for the circulation of water out of the container.
Procurement of planting medium
The planting medium is to support the growth of plant roots. From this planting medium in the form of food plants absorb nutrients through the roots. Planting medium used is a mixture of soil, compost, and chaff in the ratio 1: 1: 1. After all the material collected, mixing until evenly done. Ground with colloidal properties have the ability to bind nutrients and waterborne nutrients can be absorbed by plant roots with the principle of cation exchange. Husk serves to hold water in the soil while the compost to ensure the availability of essential materials to be broken down into nutrients that plants need.
Preparation plant seeds and planting
Before planning to make a vertical container, first prepare a number of plant seeds (please download a video on how to sow the seeds in a seedling tray by using rice husk media), when the plant has reached the age ready to move, there are basically three stages in this process, namely nursery, removal and planting. As with any plant, sow the seeds also need a container and growing media. The container can be anything along the planting medium can be filled as necessary and have holes in the bottom to remove excess water. Seedbed seedbed using a special container called a seed tray with a number of holes 128 pieces (other tray number and size of the holes vary). Nursery can also use a medium-size pot and a former pastry. As for the media cropping is planting medium from the finished products that are organic.
If using a tray, the amount of seed that can be planted has been measured for each hole filled a seed (though it can also be filled 2 or 3). If using another container, the number of seeds planted that can be adjusted to the size of the container, in this case the spacing of seeds arranged in such a way so as not attached. Two-three weeks after the seed has germinated seedlings and pull out a 3-4 leaves. Ideally, the seed had grown leaf blade has a decent amount to 4-5 Transplanting.
Plant seeds are transferred to containers vertikultur are older than one month, the leaves were already growing. Because it has a total of 20 holes planting of two bamboo sticks, then quite freely to choose the 20 best seeds. Before the seeds are planted in a bamboo container, first pour water into natural to saturation, marked by water dribbling out of the planting holes. After enough, just started planting the seeds one by one. All the roots of each seedling should go into the ground. Each type of seed (red pepper and tomato) are grouped in a separate container bamboo.
Another article: Seed One Of The Determinants For Successful Farming.
Plants also require treatment, as well as other creatures. Plants require attention and affection. In addition to watering is done every day also need fertilizing, and pest and disease control.
how to make and the benefits of biological fertilizers)
If in rural areas, usually garbage or animal waste is inserted into a hole. If the hole is full, garbage is burned and as fertilizer. With notes, animal manure has to be used should not stink. In supermarkets, kiosks plants are now widely sold manure is dry, odorless, and sterile. Nowadays many people are starting to consider taking yields a more healthy way of planting, the use of fertilizers and natural pest control, although the prices of these products are more expensive. Suggestions for gardening at home should not use chemicals. Emphasized also do not use chemical pesticides to kill pests in the soil. The use of chemical pesticides can reduce the level of soil fertility and also contaminate plants. So, it's best to plant vegetables vertikultur no need to use chemical pesticides.
Harvesting vegetables is usually done with a pull system root (collards, spinach, celery, basil, lettuce, watercress and so on). If we had the plant itself and consumed itself would be savings if the harvest is done by taking the leaves. In this way vegetable plants can last longer and can be harvested repeatedly.