Owl Tyto alba As Pest Control Rat Effective and Environmentally Friendly

Rat Integrated Pest Management
Rat including two of the most important pests in rice crops and in cultivation of corn. This needs special attention in addition to other pests. Because the loss of production due to pest infestation of mice is quite high. Efforts to control mice has been done by farmers, ranging from sanitation, culture techniques, physical, biological, mechanical and chemical. But admittedly, that means that the control has not been done in an integrated manner, so hope to suppress the rat population at a level that does not harm proved difficult to achieve.
Owl Tyto alba As Pest Control Rat Effective and Environmentally Friendly
Integrated pest management will be done well if farmers appreciate the basic concepts and master a variety of ways to control in a program that corresponds to the type of pests and agricultural ecosystems in the area. The concept of integrated pest management is already known since the 1947's, despite previous pest control by combining some of the controls have been implemented. Integrated pest management can be defined as a means of control to include some way to control the elected and harmoniously and with regard to economic, ecological and toxicological so that pest populations are at levels that are not economically detrimental. It means that the Integrated Pest Management aims to suppress pest populations to a level that is not harmful, the management of natural preservation and optimization of agricultural production. Before stepping on the field mouse control efforts by implementing Integrated Pest Management, we should know in advance the biology and ecology of rats, so that farmers will be easier clicking identification for further control.

Mice belong to the order Rodentia, muridae family and subfamily Murinae. Subfamily of these two genera that have an important role in human life the genus Mus and Rattus. In general, the rice rat (Rattus orgentiventer) live in paddies and surrounding areas have the ability to multiply very rapidly. If theoretically, the mice were able to breed into 1,270 animals per year from a single pair of rats only. Although this situation is rare, but it illustrates how rapidly the rat population in a year. The development of rat in nature much influenced by environmental factors, especially the availability of food sources, and the rat population will increase with regard to peak during the generative.

Rat activity is more active at night, and very regular daily activities ranging from the search for food, drink, looking for a partner to regional orientation. To avoid the unfavorable environment, the rats usually make nests in moist areas, close to the source of water and food as in the trunk of the tree, between rocks, irrigation lines, embankments, railway and small hills. Farmers can distinguish which is called field mice and rats where the house. In general, one rat in addition to its activities in the field, can also do activities at home. While the house rat (Rattus ratusdiardii) only conduct their activities only at home. Damage caused by the rat can be seen in the rice stalks were cut off and formed 45 degrees and still have the rest of the stems were not cut. In the vegetative phase of mice can damage stems 11-176 per night. While at the time pregnant, ability damage increased to 24-246 rice stalks per night. As rodents, mice in meeting their needs cut off rice stalks with a ratio of 5: 1, ie rice stalks cut off 5 just to sharpen his teeth so no longer mine, and 1 stalk of rice in a meal for their needs.

Owl as Rat Pest Control
Owl is considered creepy often considered to bring bad luck. In some places these birds are hunted depleted because people do not want adversities or want to benefit financially from this exotic bird. Owls are birds ferocious predator that their structure makes it able always suddenly prey. Owl is able to detect prey from a distance. These birds were able to fly fast with silent so that prey may not know what to pounce. But this bird is not harmful to humans, it actually helps control a number of pests, such as rats are highly detrimental to humans. Its ability to detect prey from a distance and his ability lunge quickly without sound as well as its nature as a nocturnal animal (feed at night) makes it ideal for predator rats. Artificial nests are needed because the owl does not make its own nest, the owl always seize or occupy empty nest belonging to another species of birds.
Owl Tyto alba As Pest Control Rat Effective and Environmentally Friendly
Pest control using natural enemies has many advantages. In addition to not pollute the environment with toxic substances or other pollutants, then as long as it is maintained by both natural enemies are also grown and developed so the day is not depleted as inventories pile of pesticides. And another thing, the natural enemies are happy to work alone while we can sleep soundly waiting for the results of its work.

Owls including bird species nocturnal or active at night. Very sharp vision where he can see their prey from a distance. His life in groups and quickly multiply. Parent owl is able to lay eggs 2 -3 times a year. Once the spawn can reach 6 to 12 grains with a period incubate for 27 to 30 days.

Rat became one of the specific food owl. Owl adults can prey on mice 2 to 5 rats each day, if the rat is hard to come by, not infrequently these birds roam hunting areas up to 12 km from the nest. Remarkably, he has a very sharp hearing and being able to hear the sound of mice from a distance of 500 meters.

Advantage
  • Being able to effectively suppress the rat population (capable of consuming rat tails to 5 per day).
  • No negative impact on the environment.
  • Does not require great expense and effort.
  • Improving the efficiency of a farmer.
Classification Owl Barn Owl (Tyto alba)
  • Phylum Chordata.
  • Subphylum Vertebrates.
  • Class Aves.
  • The Order Strigiformes.
  • Family Strigidae.
  • Genus Tyto; consists of 10 species.
  • Tyto alba (Barn Owl) consists of 35 sub-species.
Morphological characters Tyto alba
  • Big head, beak like a hook.
  • Have sturdy claws.Eyes wide with a disc-
  • shaped face, help focus the sound of dating.
  • Round-shaped wings and short tails.
  • Soft fur, white or yellow on the bottom.
  • The upper side head yellowish with black stripes.
  • At the top of the eye is brown.
Distribution
Tyto genus consists of 10 species, including owls from Africa (Grass Owl) and Australia and New Guinea (Masked Owl).

Owl Tyto alba (Barn Owl) consists of 35 sub-species.
Distribution of owl Tyto alba can be found in Europe, many in North America and parts of South America, spread includes most of Africa, India, Southeast Asia, Australia and the Pacific Islands.
Deployment in South and Southeast Asia covering India, Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Sumatra, and Java.

Behavior and Habitat
  • Active at night (nocturnal), hiding during the day.
  • Inhabit tree holes, the roof of the building, ravines or cliffs.
  • Tree or planting area.
  • Never found nesting on the ground.
  • Can nest in artificial enclosures.
  • Generally limited to oil palm plantations, due to lack of places.
  • Always found in residential areas surrounding the traditional palm oil, a low number.
  • Can be developed in rice fields.
  • Location rice farming, around a lot of trees.
  • Are not migratory.
  • Generally, as the resident animals 1.6 to 5.6 km around the nest.

The application pattern
Based on my experience with farmers in applying Tyto alba bird pest control rat could be classified into 2.

Quarantine
Quarantine Tyto Alba is to maintain Tyto alba bird before the off, can be of tillers or maintain adult.

The disadvantage:
  • Tyto alba bird maintain adult will require greater costs because it must meet the needs of feed each day, and it took a very long time so that the birds Tyto alba want to live or nest in the place provided.
  • Maintaining bird Tyto alba were still saplings, to be more patient and have the ability to maintain and care for the animals, especially food that is given should be in accordance with the food originally namely rodents (rats), and this becomes a new job because he could not be sure we get the mice every day to feed.
Directly
In installing owl direct costs required smaller, just by installing birdhouses capital Tyto alba in a place that would be a place for pest control mice although there are also disadvantages.

The disadvantage:
  • Not all of the habitat and hunting area (foraging) Tyto alba bird.
  • It takes a long time, because of the nature of Tyto alba loyal birds in the nest means we have to wait for the new bird tyto alba who do not have a nest
Good luck and remain optimistic, because I am applying pest control mice using Owl Tyto alba from the beginning it took more than 2.5 years to be said to succeed indicators: the number of birds Tyto alba increasing, in 3 times the rice planting season did not happen rodent pest attacks and as an illustration for sex owl Tyto alba for males are usually white feathers over the bottom of the owl Tyto alba females.

So few reviews I can say about Bird Tyto alba As Pest Control Rat Effective and Environmentally Friendly, may be useful to readers, especially friends of farmers, and do not forget to be shared in order to be more useful.

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Seed One Of The Determinants For Successful Farming

Seed One Of The Determinants For Successful Farming, Beans (grain) and seed has a meaning and understanding vary, depending on where the terms of reviewing it. Although grains and seeds have the number, shape, size, color, material it contains and other different things with each other, but actually by nature is the main tool to maintain / ensure the survival of a species in nature.
Seed One Of The Determinants For Successful Farming
In botanists / structural, grains and seeds is not different from one another, both from the zygote, is derived from the ovule, and has the same structure.

Functionally seeds with seeds have a different understanding. Seeds are crops that are used for the purpose of consumption or processed as industrial raw materials. While the seeds are seeds of plants which are produced for the purpose grown / cultivated back.

Based on such understanding, the seed has a function agronomy or a component of agronomy, therefore the seed belongs to the field / scope of agronomy. In the development of farming, seed is one of the means to be able to generate the highest possible production. Because the seed is a means of production, the seed must be of high quality (quality physiological, genetic and physical) of the type that is superior. As a component of agronomy, seed is more oriented to the application of scientific principles, therefore, is more science and technology.

Here are some vegetable seeds that you can order to get to know the details of the seed and you just have to click on the type of seed that you choose.

and hopefully useful.

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Liming Right Solution In Acid Soils As Rainy Season

Liming is an attempt being made to increase the soil pH by adding lime into the soil. The main purpose of these liming is to increase the pH of acidic pH becomes neutral pH. In the soil acidic pH, nutrients (e.g. N, P, K, Ca, Mg) are not available to the plant due to the low pH of the damaged elements. Only the elements Fe and Al (micro elements) which is available on acid soils. It is expected, with liming will increase the pH to neutral, where the pH is neutral in nutrients that may be available to the plants.
Liming Right Solution In Acid Soils As Rainy Season
Sour Soil Problems
Acid soils is very complex problem. Ranging from nutrient content to affect plant growth. Problems that commonly occur on acid soils, among others:
  • Accumulation of H + ions in the soil thereby inhibiting plant growth.
  • The high content of Al 3+ so toxic to plants.
  • Nutrient Ca and Mg.
  • P nutrient deficiencies as bound by Al3 +.
  • Reduced Mo element so that photosynthesis process is interrupted, and
  • Poisoning micro elements which have a high solubility in acid soils.
Objectives, Method and Benefit Liming
The purpose of Liming in essence is how to make the soil has a pH that is in accordance with the needs of plants and solubility of Al in the soil can be suppressed.
Liming own way in accordance with the recommendation of Liming is:
  • Land cultivated either dug or plowed.
  • Lime sown evenly over the surface of the soil, with a dose of lime in conformity with the needs of plants and Al saturation levels.
  • Stirred soil to a depth of 20 cm.
  • Left for 2 weeks and then planted.
Benefits given lime into the soil is:
  • Lowering the soil pH.
  • Lowers the solubility of Al.
  • Improve the nutrient content of Ca and Mg.
  • Improve the texture, structure and stabilize soil aggregates.
  • Lowering the level of danger of soil erosion due to the aggregate steady.
  • Fixing the biological properties of the soil such as the activity of micro-organisms.
For soils that are acidic so that the pH is increased near neutral, it needs liming. The amount of calcification depends on:
1. The pH of the soil is needed by plants. Every kinds of plants require relatively different pH.
2. Form lime and smoothness. So consider some very important things, namely:
  • Chemical guarantee of chalk concerned.
  • Price per ton given on the ground.
  • Reacts with the ground speed.
  • Fineness limestone.
  • Storage, distribution, use a sack or a drink.
3. The amount of lime that is given should be set based on precise estimates of how the increase in the desired pH, texture, structure and soil organic matter content topsoil. Heavier soil texture will require the amount of chalk that more and more. If a layer of soil structure formed by tillage is not always uniform for each type of soil, ha also affects the amount of lime given. The finer the grain of soil aggregates, the more lime is needed. Similarly, pH, texture and structure of the subsoil (subsoil), due to the low pH or higher than the pH of topsoil into consideration how much lime must be provided.

4. Method of lime. Of lime usually done 1-2 weeks before planting in conjunction with the second processing (aggregate smoothing the ground) so evenly mixed in half if the soil surface. Except on pasture land that is not done tillage given at ground level though. Lime with a mechanical spreader or tractor motor will be more effective and efficient on large farms.

5. Liming should be accompanied soil organic matter or the return of crop residues into the soil. It is very important to avoid soil compaction and leaching, as well as improving the effects of fertilization. Besides the effect of organic matter on soil pH cause ligand exchange reactions between organic acids with the hydroxyl group of iron and aluminum hydroxide liberating OH- ions. In addition, electronic derived from the decomposition of organic materials can neutralize a positive charge in the colloidal system so that the will pH increases (Hue, 1992; Yu, 1989).

As for how whitewashing acid soil itself there are several steps that must be passed with difficulty, namely:
  • Prepare lime according to the dosage that has been set.
  • Clean the area to be in chalk on the grass or other vegetation.
  • Hoe / plow the land as a whole.
  • For a few plots of land. For example, one hectare of land is then divided into 40 plots, which means that each plot will receive rations 1/40 dose of lime that is given.
  • Map-plot can be marked with ropes or other signs essentially whatever it wants whitewashing know, whatever like what I do not care.
  • Sprinkle the lime throughout the field as planned.
Excessive calcification caused some adverse things, among others:
  • Lack of iron, manganese, copper and zinc are needed in plant physiological processes.
  • The availability of phosphate can be reduced back due to the formation of insoluble calcium phosphate complexes.
  • Absorption of phosphorus by plants and plant metabolism disturbed.
  • Collection and use of boron can be inhibited.
  • The pH changes can adversely jumped soil microorganism activity, and the availability of nutrients is not balanced.
Liming Right Solution In Acid Soils As Rainy Season
The way to calculate the need to calibrate the usual lime content of Al-dd. Namely by :
Given the needs of chalk = 1 x Al-dd means 1 me Ca / 100g soil to neutralize 1 me Al / 100 g soil.
1 me Ca / 100 g soil = Weight Atom Ca / Valensi x me Ca / 100 g soil
1 me Ca / 100 g soil = 40/2 x 1 me Ca / 100 g soil
= 20 mg Ca / 100 g soil
= 200 mg Ca / kg soil 1 x 2 x 106
(assuming a 20 cm soil depth, BV = 1 g / cm3)
= 400 kg Ca / ha

To calculate the needs of agricultural lime:
Atomic Weight = Total / Loss Atom Ca x Needs Ca

To calculate the needs of CaCO3 (1 x Al-dd):
= 100/40 x 400 kg Ca / ha = 1 ton CaCO3 / ha.

To CaO (1 x Al-dd):
= 56/40 x 400 kg Ca / ha = 0:56 tonnes CaO / ha.

For Ca (OH) 2 (1 x Al-dd):
= 74/40 x 400 kg Ca / ha = 0.74 ton Ca (OH) 2 / ha.

There are different types of lime which can be used for liming of agricultural land. Lime types include:

1. Lime rollers: Super limestone, calcite class 1 (CaCO3)
Lime rollers occupy the main class in the liming of agricultural land. The original material mainly containing CaCO3 or MgCO3 that can change the acidity of the soil.

2. Lime oxide: calcium oxide, calcite class 2 (Quicklime)
Milled chalk or other material that is rich in CaCO3 is heated to a high temperature, to form CO2 and lime life. lime life is mainly composed of CaO when used Ca high grade material. Sometimes lime live still contains MgO limestone form is usually refined flour, but may also contain some clumps of soft (soft lumps). When mixed with water, forming slaked lime. When touched the air, slow living lime absorbs water and CO2 to form a mixture of slaked lime and CaCO3 called slaked lime air.

3. Cretaceous dolomite CaMg (CO3) 2
Limestone containing MgCO3 roughly the same as the content of CaCO3 is called dolomite. Dolomite texture and hardness varies, but once milled perfectly able to work (react) either by the soil when it is not too much to contain other elements. Dolomite is commonly traded as fertilizer, because the content of Mg in addition Ca. Its function as an enhancer element as well as on gypsum fertilizer. Proper correction of soil acidity on thin starting with the provision of calcite, dolomite and then followed by adding to its land.

4. Lime die: slaked lime, hydrated lime Ca (OH) 2
This material is obtained by spraying water on quicklime (calcium oxide) which is then commonly traded as lime to whitewash. Slaked lime slow take up of CO2 air.

5. Cretaceous clay = Marl, Marl
Marl is a grain or grain loose, often impure, CaCO3 derived from the shells of sea animals or formed from the precipitation of CaCO3 from the waters of a small lake or pond. Generally marl interpreted as CaCO3 were soft and could not rot and is usually mixed with clay and other impurities. The term is also used for almost all of the ingredients that are high in chalk like some calcareous clay. Marl is usually almost entirely of pure CaCO3, but sometimes contain clay, dust or high organic materials. Marl often dug in the wet and difficult circumstances laid on the ground, unless previously allowed to dry. Deployment area of ​​chalk marl not milled, and stockpiling much less extensive but contained many beaches.

Excavation simple marl. Marl is often found in the basement of the weight that must be removed first using heavy equipment such as bulldozers. Then the plot surface is broken by the plow discs or tractor, then dried or directly loaded into the truck. Piracy is sometimes done for clicking aerated surface layer so that dry quickly. Marl usually not milled or screened.

6. Chalk = chalk smooth, Talc, Chalk, Ca (HCO 3) 2
This rock is a material that is soft and good CaCO3 for liming. D England, this material is widely used, but in Indonesia, not yet prevalent. Chalk must be milled before use, but because it is easily broken, it just takes a little effort.

7. Cretaceous coals = slag
The steel industry byproduct used as a liming material in the area close to local hot air. Chalk coal is different from most other types of lime in the case of Chad and Mg content, and also contains silicates for example different with CO3 or milled oxides such as lime or quicklime. Its use is as effective as the size of ground chalk.
Cretaceous coals produced in two forms, namely that the air-cooled, so it must be milled before use and grained particles that almost all important refinement perfected the granulation process (granulation). The second form is usually faster action with the soil. Such as his Al dolomite, limestone and coal containing Mg Mg made available to plants. basic slag which is also a byproduct of iron and metal industry is mainly used to add an element of P in plants, but also useful as a liming material. Cretaceous coals containing CaSi2O5, can also be used as a liming material. The Mg content of his very few and P is also low.

8. The skin of animals and others
Milled shells and shells of other marine products rich in CaCO3. When finely ground, the animal's skin will turn into a material that is effective liming agent.
Reference:
Kuswandi. 2005. Liming of Agricultural Land: Revised Edition. Yogyakarta: Canisius.


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Knowing the Type and Blueberry Planting the Right Way And Its Benefits Blueberry

Blueberries are flowering plants in the genus Vaccinium, part Cyanococcus. This species grows in North America. Such as shrubs in size from 10 cm to 4 m; The smallest species known as the "low bush blueberries" (synonymous with "wild"), and the largest species is the "high bush blueberry". The leaves are changing or evergreen, ovate to lanceolate, and began to 1-8 cm in length and 0.5-3.5 cm wide. The flowers are bell-shaped, white, red or pale pink, sometimes greenish.
Knowing the Type and Blueberry Planting the Right Way And Its Benefits Blueberry
All species Common English names include "blueberries" are grouped in sections Cyanococcus of the genus Vaccinium. Several other plants of the genus Vaccinium also produce blue berries that are sometimes similar to blueberry, bilberry particularly Europe (Vaccinium myrtillus), which in many languages ​​have a name that means "blueberry" in English.

Although blueberries are native plants in North America, they are also grown in the Southern Hemisphere in Australia, New Zealand and South American countries, and sent through the air as fresh products to markets around the world.

Here is a brief overview of American Blueberry fruits, Top Tropical-Florida, as information for the hobbyists berry fruits in the country. Just as strawberry, blueberry, also known as the fruit is rich in antioxidants. Although this fruit shape is small, but the benefits for the health of the body is very large. Blueberry itself has a wide range of benefits, ranging from health, beauty, ornamental plants and so forth.

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION BLUEBERRY
  • Scientific classification
  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Order: Ericales
  • Family: Ericaceae
  • Genus: Vaccinium
  • Section: Cyanococcus
  • Species: Vaccinium corymbosum
TYPES OF SPECIES BLUEBERRY
  • Vaccinium angustifolium (blueberry bush Low)
  • Vaccinium boreale (North Blueberry)
  • Caesariensis Vaccinium (blueberry New Jersey)
  • Vaccinium corymbosum (High Bush Blueberry North)
  • Darrowii Vaccinium (blueberry bush South High)
  • Vaccinium elliottii (Blueberry Elliott)
  • Vaccinium formosum (South Blueberry)
  • Vaccinium fuscatum (High Bush Blueberry Black; syn. V. atrococcum)
  • Vaccinium hirsutum (Blueberry Hairy)
  • Myrtilloides Vaccinium (blueberry Canada)
  • Vaccinium pallidum (Blueberry Land Arid)
  • Simulatum Vaccinium (blueberry bush High Plateau)
  • Vaccinium tenellum (South Blueberry)
  • Vaccinium virgatum (Blueberry Eyes Rabbit; syn. V. ashei)
Raising Blueberry
Location
Blueberry plants require full sun and soil with good drainage. Plants can adapt to the shade but the number of flowers and fruit production will decline, this should be avoided for planting blueberries surrounded by trees because in addition to blocking the light, the plant will also compete for water and nutrients are also disturbed air flow.

Land
Blueberries will grow well in soil with a pH of 4.5 - 4.8. If the pH is too high will slow the growth of plants and plant shoots will turn into yellowish and in the long term can experience death. To modify the soil to the required pH is reached, it can be used sulfur / sulfur can be applied as much as 60-65 g / m2. If the soil is too acidic, dolomite that can be tailored to the needs. Checking the pH of the soil can be done once a year.

Sowing seeds Blueberry
  • Mute blueberry seeds with warm water around 35 degrees Celsius for 24 - 48 hours.
  • Prepare a seeding container with planting medium with a pH of 5.5 that has been moistened with water.
  • Blueberry sow seeds evenly to the surface of the planting medium. Cover the seeds with a thin layer of planting medium.
  • Moisten the top layer of planting medium by using a sprayer filled with water.
  • Place the seeds in the place who get enough indirect sunlight. Keep the planting medium moisture by always giving water.
  • Within about 6-12 weeks, normally the seeds will begin to germinate.
  • When the seedlings reach a height of 5 to 7.5 cm, the seedlings ready to be transplanted into pots seeding. Use a mixture of manure that has been fermented and sand in the ratio 1: 1 as a growing medium. Remove the blueberry seedlings and plants in pots with great care to maintain the integrity of the delicate root system.
  • Flush pot with water and place the pot in a location that getting enough sunlight.
  • Blueberry is a plant that is sensitive to chemical fertilizers. To be safe, use a liquid organic fertilizer to add nutrients after seed adapted for 2 to 3 weeks in the pot.
  • Blueberries have a shallow root system, blueberries seedlings can be moved to a height of land at the time had reached 20-30 cm or wider sphere of pot to be pot.
  • If blueberries planted directly in the soil, layer of mulch of organic material thick 10-15 cm on the surface of the soil around the stem of plants.
Another article : Seed One Of The Determinants For Successful Farming

Pollination
Blueberry plants have male flowers and female flowers on the tree so there is no problem in terms of Pollination. If in an area, there are several varieties of blueberries, there will be a cross Pollination which allows generates new blueberry varieties better.
Knowing the Type and Blueberry Planting the Right Way And Its Benefits Blueberry

HOW TO RAISING BLUEBERRY
  • Plant seeds are obtained immediately, if the planting site is not ready, make sure the plants get enough water supply in order not to suffer from drought.
  • Blueberry plant roots properties are meeting and widened, for this manufacture a wide planting hole will be better for plants than by making a deep planting hole.
  • The planting hole can be made as deep as desired, but the planting depth should be adjusted to high conditions of the planting medium when plants obtained from plant seeds obtained nusery place.
  • Combine fertile soil containing organic material with peat moss in the ratio of 50:50. Peat moss is derived from peat mossy plant. Functions of peat moss here is as a treatment for land in order to achieve a pH of 4.5 - 4.8 (acid) permanent. Peat moss can be often found in Borneo and Sumatra. Peat moss can also be replaced with ferns commonly used as a medium for growing orchids. Compost can be provided to improve soil fertility.
  • Do not mix the dry peat moss in the soil then plant the seeds directly. Peat moss will dry much absorb moisture from the seeds of blueberry and surrounding areas who are at risk of water shortages cause the plant to die.
  • Ideal planting distance between plants Blueberry is 1.8 - 3 m. spacing is too close will cause the plants to compete in getting nutrients and sunlight, while the distance is too far apart would preclude cross Pollination.
  • Thick layer of straw mulch of 10-15 cm should be provided above the surface of the planting hole where a layer of mulch will keep the soil moisture and the growth of weeds around the plant. Do not use leaves, grass clippings, or layers of newsprint as a mulch that can block the oxygen supply to the roots of blueberry.
  • The provision of water needs to be done regularly so that the soil becomes moist but not to make the soil becomes saturated water.
  • Blueberry roots are very sensitive to chemical fertilizers are readily soluble in water, in large amounts, this fertilizer can injure the roots. Make sure fertilization not done to excess can cause burning of the roots. fertilization can be given twice during the growing period with doses of as much as 2 ounces of NPK 12-4-8 with a distance of about 30 cm from the circular base of the stem. 1 ounce of ammonia sulfate can be given if the plants look yellow.
  • Advanced fertilization given to plants need adjusted to the growth of leaf segments. At the stage of the emergence of second and third leaf buds fertilization be given NPK 12-4-8 can be as much as 4 ounces. In the phase of leaf emergence to the 4, 5, 6 and so on, fertilizers are given with each dose of 6 ounces, 8 ounces and 10 ounces.

Harvest
To get a good quality blueberries, fruit harvesting can be done in 4-6 days after the fruit turns entirely to blue.

Protection of Birds
Blueberry fruit very fond of birds, to avoid problems with birds, plants can be covered with nylon netting.

Benefits Blueberry
Blueberries are a natural source of antioxidants that help control the body's health. Small fruit is round and bluish is also rich in vitamin C, vitamin E, vitamin K, fiber, and fat-free. Here's another benefit of blueberries:

Increasing endurance
Antioxidants play a role in helping to strengthen the immune system by neutralizing free radicals. Most of the antioxidants in blueberries are anthocyanins, the pigments responsible for the blue color of blueberries.

Lowering excess fat
Blueberries also contain polyphenols useful in reducing excess fat around the abdomen and can also help solve the problems on the body's metabolism. This fruit is very suitable to accompany a diet program.

Sharpen eyesight and eye health
Compounds in blueberries known as anthocyanosides, in clinical studies has been known to slow down the decline of the power of vision. A study published in the Archives of Ophtalmology 3 shows that eating blueberries a day can help reduce the decline of vision in the elderly up to 36 percent.

Healthy bones
The content of manganese in blueberries is very good for the bones. Eating blueberries regularly can help strengthen bones and avoid the risk of bone loss.

Prevent constipation and indigestion
A bowl of blueberries contains 4 grams of fiber, or about 15 percent of the daily intake that the body needs. The soluble fiber contained in blueberries are able to absorb up to 15 times its own weight in water so that it can improve the fluid into the intestine and aid digestion.

Preventing heart attack
Eat 3 servings of blueberries or more each week could reduce the risk of heart disease in women. Blueberries contain high levels of the compound, which could help widen arteries. For information, narrowing of the arteries by cholesterol is known to be a big influence on heart health.

Thus I can say about Knowing the type and Blueberry Planting the Right Way And Its Benefits Blueberry, may be useful for the readers, and do not forget to share this article to be more useful.

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3 Easy Steps Planting Tulips in Pot A Right

Tulips planting. Do you already know the tulips? Tulips is a flower of flowering plant that belongs to the family liliceae. Plant tulips originated from Central Asia, grows wild in Kazakhstan. Plant tulips are well known in the Netherlands, Iran and Turkey. This flower is very reflects the elegance and beauty.

When interest buff and already bored with roses, then you can try planting tulips to drive away boredom. Did you know tulips have been planted many years ago? Before we review this flower planting, let us examine the facts about tulips spread across the world.
3 Easy Steps Planting Tulips in Pot A Right
Fact Tulip Flowers Tulips originate from Central Asia including the turkey. Tulip flowers had already planted 500 years ago, so planting tulips is not a new trend. Tulip was introduced in Europe through the gift of the Ottoman Empire in 1554 AD. Since then, tulips became very popular in Europe. This interest rate proved to be the most sought after since it was introduced in the Netherlands in the 1600s, this interest has also been a flower that is the most expensive in the world. Holland was a massive export of flowers and ranks fourth top-export. Here it is unique, Tulip flowers can be eaten! To eat it, you can mix it in a salad or other food according to your taste.

Tulips is one kind of plant that can live and grow well in areas with a cool temperature. So for those of you who intend to carry out the cultivation of tulips should have a place of cultivation in the highlands which has a cool temperature. Because the tulip is one kind of plant tubers, so you can do cultivation through seed or planting bulbs. However, the most easy and fast is through the tuber. Select bulbs or seeds that have good quality so that the results are also good.


This flower was introduced in America in the 1800 s. Tulips has 3,000 varieties with 14 beautiful names. Tulip flowers even have a festival that is held annually. Planting Flowers Tulip After knowing the beautiful and unique tulip, you may want to plant these flowers, the following 3 Easy Steps Tulips planted in pots A right.

Easy Ways Tulips Planting in Pot
Tulip plant is a plant that is suitable to be planted to decorate your garden. Each seed only grow a single stalk, where it prevents them from growing too big for their pots. If you have a pot big enough, you can arrange a wide variety of plants tulips to create stunning visual effects. Simple, you just start with tulip varieties suitable or tulip varieties suitable for the size of the pot. The seeds give sufficient time for the left to rot in the pot and make sure you put them in an environment that can blow a lot of sun during the warm climate progress.

STEP ONE: PREPARATION FOR PLANTING
Determine the appropriate tulip varieties according to your needs.
Avoid varieties are grown, such as dutch hybrids, unless you have a large area. To select the highest standard pot feet, looking for varieties that grow around 12 to 14 inches (30 to 35 cm) in height. For small-sized pots., Consider varieties that grow no higher than 10 inches (25 cm).
3 Easy Steps Planting Tulips in Pot A Right

Obtain Seeds Tulip least 3 months before you intend to plant They
Tulip seeds take several months to be protected from heat and abandoned in order to grow during the warm season progresses. Put the tulip seeds in pots as soon as you get them, if possible.

Select the type Pot Has Sufficient Drainage.
Tulips can not grow well when too much water is stagnant, so you must make sure the water in the watering hole under the pot tulips function properly to dispose of excess water.

STEP TWO: BASIC INSTRUCTIONS
  • Fill the bottom of the pot with rocks (about 2cm). Do this in order to prevent water from seeping reach out to seed.
  • Cover the Land Above Rocks Gravel. You have to fill the pot about half the land, and the land will be free from adversity. Use potting soil from the ground beside directly from your garden, because the soil of given when buying more pots containing soil nutrients and free of nasty bacteria that will help you grow flowers tulips. Soil mix especially designed to tulips grow well.
  • Add Thin Sand Above ground's. This stage is optional, but provide other stages in terms of irrigation and prevent your seed perk mostly water.
  • Place the Tulip to Pot Plants. Make sure the seed directed upwards. You do not have to worry about the seeds are too close together, but for aesthetic reasons, you may put a distance of about 2 to 6 inches (5 to 15 cm) apart from each other.
  • Cover with soil Seeds Supplement.You should provide 2-3 cm between the upper soil and suburban pot.
  • Save your Tulip Seed At A Cool For 3 Months. Currently dormant period ends, place a pot filled with the seeds in a warm place and exposed to sun. Tulip plants grow well in locations exposed to sunlight perfectly, so place them near a window on the terrace or on your balcony.
  • Keep adequate water. The soil should be moist but not too stagnant water. Too much water will make your tulip seed rot.
  • After flowering, flowers Eliminate Head. Also remove the leaves while waiting for the leaves to die, but let the rest of the parts of the plant to regrow before eliminate it. This allows the seed to collect energy for the expansion of flowers the following year.
3 Easy Steps Planting Tulips in Pot A Right

STEP THREE: MAKE ARRANGEMENTS ARE PLATED LAYER

Select Kind
Type of tulip plants are grown to produce a high variety of different, worthy of consideration for aesthetic reasons.

Select the least Pot (25 cm to 35 cm) Depth
Anything more superficial than it will not provide sufficient depth for this type of layered layer.

Put the bottom gravel layer Pot
Layers must have a depth of about 1 or 2 inches (2.5 to 5 cm).

Fill the pot with soil (20 to 23 cm) Under Section Thereon
Use of land which was given when buying pot for maximum results.

Place Tulip Most High in Top
Keep the seed facing upwards. Give the size of the seed space gap between the seed.

Cover Back to the Land
Cover the majority of the seeds, but leave a little space so you can easily see where each seed is planted. Collect soil down carefully.

Place the seeds Next
Each layer must be between the neck top seed from the layer below it.

Thus short article I can say about 3 Easy Steps Planting Tulips in Pot A Right. and please read the guide also plant other crops, including guides to plant roses, lilies to plant guide, peonies to plant guide and the guide planting orchids. Hopefully what is presented can be useful, do not forget to share this article to be more useful.

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Knowing How to Grow Plants Orchids in Pot A Right and Benefits Orchid

Orchid plants is one of the beautiful plants fascinating for everyone who glance. The orchid has distinctive features in the care and planting of different ways with other types of plants. The orchid flowers are scattered in different regions of the tropics to the circumpolar region with a variety of habitats. Plant orchid flower is divided several types based on their habitat, such as: orchid cattleya, cymbidium, dendrobium, phalaenopsis, Oncidium and Vanda, plant orchid species like this live attached to other plants but do not interfere with other plants, while the plants orchids that live in the soil , such as: orchids terrestris.
Knowing How to Grow Plants Orchids in Pot A Right and Benefits Orchid

For you lovers of flowers and want to try planting orchids around your yard to make it look more beautiful and charming, you have to pay attention to planting orchids in areas that can support the growth of orchids well, because the orchid plants can not be grown in any place. Actually planting orchid flower is very easy and simple, but it takes patience, focus and perseverance. Orchids need to be considered maintenance and regular maintenance, in order to plant these flowers can grow well and beautifully. For maintenance, you can read more about how to care for flowers, you can apply in a variety of plants that you like and that you plant in your yard. I will give some ways and tips on how Knowing How to Grow Plants Orchids in Pot A Right and Benefits Orchid.

How to Grow Orchids in Pot Plants.
In general, orchids are divided into 2 types of orchids and orchid epiphyt Terrestris or orchid soil. Epiphyt orchid is a species of orchid plants that live attached to other plants but do not interfere with the plant while the orchid Terrestris is a type of orchid that lives on fertile humus soil.
Another article: An easy way to plant roses
In the cultivation of orchids you need to know the media or a place to grow orchids well in accordance with the type of orchid itself. Orchid cultivation is not all that complicated, even for growing orchids you should not use pot, because orchids can be attached to other plants. For more good would have more leverage when using a separate pot.

Good location for Plant Growing Orchids
In addition to considering the medium used to grow orchids, you need to pay attention to the location to plant the orchids. Choose a location that has the intensity of the sun is good enough, because growing orchids was deeply influenced by the intensity of sunlight obtained. Try to match the type of orchid plants based on solar intensity level obtained so that the orchids can grow optimally.
Based on the level of light intensity needs orchids are divided into three types. The first type of orchid plants should be exposed to direct sunlight. Orchid species suitable for cultivation in the open is a Vanda orchid, orchids and orchid Arachnis Renanthera. While the second type is the type of orchids that can be grown well in a place not exposed to direct sunlight. Orchid species that are suitable for this condition is Ancedium orchid, Dendrobium, or Cattleya orchids.
To cultivate orchids this second type you must have a special place that has been designed in such a way in order to maximize the growth of your orchid plant. While the latter type of orchid plants are orchids do not like sunlight, so you should put these plants in a shady place. If you have a shady yard, you should plant species Paphiopedilum and Phalaenopsis orchids.

Note Height Pot Orchids
Another thing that is important in the cultivation of orchids is the height of the location to place a pot of orchids. In addition to the environmental conditions of the planting site altitude orchids also affect the growth of your orchids are cultivated. The next planting technique is to plant orchids according to altitude planting location. Based on the location of the planting altitude orchids are divided into three types.

If you live in a location with an altitude of 1001 m above sea orchid species suitable for planting is your cymbidium orchids and orchid Miltonia. If you want to cultivate orchid Dendrobium, Oncidium or Cattleya you should place the plant is at an altitude of 500 to 1000 m above sea level. The third type is the orchid will grow best when placed at a height of 500 m above sea level. One example of orchids that grow at this altitude is the Vanda orchid species. and Arachnis. In addition to planting location altitude you should also pay attention to the circulation of air in the venue. A great place for growing orchids is a place that has a gentle breeze. Another thing to note that the air humidity so that orchids can flourish and produce beautiful flowers.

Other articles: Guides that right Planting Roses

Before planting orchids of course you have to choose the seeds that have a good quality. Choose seeds that are ready to be cultivated normally good seed is the seed that has been aged 1 year and have had the leaves and roots. Plant the seedlings in plastic for 3 months, after it had moved into a small pot with a diameter of 6 cm to 12 cm. Give organic fertilizer during the growing orchid nursery that maximum. After 3 months of being in a small pot of orchids you can move into a larger pot.
So that orchids have a perfect growth and have bright colors of flowers are some tips that you can do.

Orchid seedling roots
After three months, usually the roots will begin to grow and often until poking out of the ground. You might see this situation will directly insert the roots poking into the soil. However, do not do it, because it will harm your orchid plant. We recommend that you have to do is to move the plant into a larger pot.
Knowing How to Grow Plants Orchids in Pot A Right and Benefits Orchid


Stem orchids
As the orchid plant often has a high trunk. To keep the rods that are not easily collapse, you can use the poles on the stem. These pillars to ensure that the orchid stems remain standing upright.

Placing at the right temperature
Orchids will grow well at a location having a temperature of about 14 degrees Celsius to 36 degrees Celsius. If you can keep the temperature on a regular basis, you can see that your orchid plant beautiful flowers issued exceeds what was expected.

How to move the orchids
Do not move the orchids at home, before unplugging the orchid seeds beforehand prepare a new pot to be used as a new place for orchids. Once the new pot is ready, then you move these orchids. Make sure the position is perfect and add a fern growing media such as chopped. For complete information about the orchid flowers can read the article entitled Orchids of Different Types and Their Image and Characteristics.
Knowing How to Grow Plants Orchids in Pot A Right and Benefits Orchid

How to care for orchids
In order orchids you buy fresh and can grow well, you can take care of him in the following way.
  • In order to grow up to put orchids in a place exposed to natural sunlight, but not too hot. Ideally, do not put orchids in a place exposed to direct sunlight.
  • Giving light. This is done when you put the orchids in the room, with the lights will keep the orchid is not lack of light.
  • Keep moisture orchids. As one of the tropical plants certainly keep moisture plants are very important thing to do.
  • Provide fertilizer. As the cultivation of orchid plants also require fertilizers to meet nutritional requirements. Therefore provide fertilizer to these plants with fertilizer for tropical plants.
  • That's the simplest way to take care of orchids that can still flourish and thrive.
Benefits Orchid
In general, people only make orchids as a decoration for the room or the garden at home. But you know that orchids have several benefits in addition to be used as an ornamental plant. Here are some benefits of orchids.

Orchids As Ornamental Plants
Orchid plants has been known as one of the most popular ornamental plants with beautiful flowers. Orchids have a wide variety of colors and types are very many. The high interest in this plant make some people use it to make orchids as an ornamental plant in the pot.

As a symbol of orchids and Aroma Fragrances
Love is always synonymous with flowers, maybe that's what makes orchids serve as a symbol of love, beauty and luxury for centuries. In ancient times in interest in use as a symbol of virility among the Greeks. While in China, believed to be the orchid plants that emit fragrance from the body of their king.

Orchids As Herbs
In ancient times the orchid was instrumental in the development of traditional medicine. This plant has been used as a source of herbal medicines in China since 2800 BC. Gastrodia elata is one species of orchids of the genus Gastrodia is one of three species of orchids are listed in Materia Medica of the first known in China as a type of orchid that is used for the treatment (Shennon bencaojing).

Orchids For Foodstuff
Vanilla or Vanilla planifolia Latin name is one of the tribal family of orchids. This plant is used as a flavoring fruit cake and also used as materials for aromatherapy and perfume. There are also orchids Orchis Mascula which has been used as a powder to be used as a cooking spice.
In addition to the above two types of orchids there are many more types of orchids are commonly used as food ingredients such as orchids Saprophytic of group Gastrodia produce tubers. These plants are consumed as food by indigenous people in Australia and can be successfully cultivated, especially Gastrodia sesamoides.

interested to grow orchids on pots or in the garden and confused where to get a the best orchid seeds.? you try to find here various kinds of the best orchid seeds and simply select the type of orchid you want to plant.

For those of you who are beginners and want to try to cultivate orchids, try to cultivate black orchid or orchid moon around your home. Good luck and practice how planting and cultivation of orchids. And enjoy the beauty of orchids cultivated your own.

Similarly, a brief review of Knowing How to  Grow Plants Orchids in Pot A Right and Benefits Orchid, and please read the guide also plant other crops, including tulips to plant guide, a guide to plant roses, blueberry planting guides, the guides planted hydrangea, hibiscus plant guide, a guide to plant peonies and lilies to plant guide, may be useful for the readers, can be useful if more please share this article.

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Guide How to Plant and Care Plants Peonies With Good and Right

Peonies flower is a kind of maintenance does not require huge costs and types of flowers is suitable for gardeners who do not like replant flowers every spring. This type of Peonies plant can bloom every year for ten years without stopping, or even for several centuries. Plant peonies in a quite watery, in nutrient-rich soil with the proper depth, so you can plant the Peonies plants without excessive maintenance for many years.
Guide How to Plant and Care Plants Peonies With Good and Right
This flower is available widely grown in Asia, southern Europe and western North America. Can be propagated through stem cuttings or seeds. For business purposes, the methods used are reproduction through stem cuttings. The family is very large flower species. There are about 38 species all. Among abchasica Paeonia, Paeonia anomala, and much more. In countries China, this flower is long (since ancient times again) become a symbol of wealth and honor and never became the country's national flower.

Of medical terms also, this flower is said to treat tumors, heart disease and neurological diseases. Peonies flowers are widely used in medicine traditionally in Korea, China and Japan. This flower tree will take somewhat longer to bloom if substantially removed and planted elsewhere, but will continue to bloom and blossom throughout the year when it starts flowering. Very appropriate to be used as an ornamental plant in our home area.

Peony Flower Growing Period
Both types of Peonies can be planted in early fall so they have time to become established in the soil before winter. Peonies grows can also be planted in the spring.
  • Plant bulbs in the bed ready, work compost or peat into the soil.
  • Dig a hole about eighteen inches and 18 inches for each bulb.
  • Space the holes so that the plants will be at least 3 feet apart. Fill the hole about half full of soil.
  • Also mix in some balanced fertilizer, such as 5-10-5 today.
  • Planting bulbs garden with bulging eyes no more than 2 inches below the soil surface.
  • A tuber is planted too deep will have difficulty producing blooms. Put a little soil around the bulb and water thoroughly.
  • Then fill the remaining hole with soil and press down firmly.
  • Water again to complete the tuber.
Immediately, we discuss Guide How to Plant and Care Plants Peonies With Good and Right it.
Selecting the location Planting
  • Plant peonies in the fall. Type of Peonies plants thrive when planted in the fall. Peonies can actually be planted in the spring, but his interest will tend to grow more slowly, and probably will not bloom for one or two years.
  • Choose a place that is exposed to sunlight for six to eight hours every day. If it was not, peony still can grow in places that are less exposed to sunlight, but the growth and flowering period will be reduced. Peony grows well in USDA hardiness Zones 3 through 8 are matched with a minimum temperature of -40 to -9.4ºC in the winter. If you are in Zone 8 or more, peony will probably grow at noon with full sunlight in the morning.
  • Leave a gap between the peony of about 0.9 meters. Plant each peony root clump of about 0.9 meters. Peony is often kept in the flower garden, but do not let them close to trees or shrubs, because wood and peony roots will compete for nutrients. Give the distance between peony and clearing weeds to absorb water circulation is important to do order to avoid fungal infections, tree peony species will grow better at a distance of 1.2 meters.
  • Avoid areas where previously peony can not be planted. Peony may cause problems if planted in an area where the previous peony grows. This may occur because of this peony soil nutrient deficiency, therefore suggestions about how planting peonies below may reduce the effects that can be caused. Maybe there are some risks that can be posed one of which is the cause of fungal infections persist.
  • Give a peony plant that can protect it from strong winds. Moreover, if the tree peony grows on small shrubs that can be exposed to the wind. However, if you are in an area with strong winds are not unusual, plant peony species other walls and fences that can protect these plants. Large trees can also provide protection for the peony, but still must be spaced at least 3 meters so peony root and do not compete for nutrients.

Planting Peony
  • Know the type of Peonies you have. There are two types of peonies: herbaceous peonies and tree peonies. Herbaceous peonies are usually considered to be a clump of roots that grow like plants that are used as a spice in cooking with green flower stems. Tree peony usually have a wooden rod attached to the clump of roots, and grow in a wood-trunked shrub. Tree peony also has a bulge in the root bark of different texture, wherein one kind of tree peony has been grafted to each other to create the best quality.
  • If the soil needs to be made to make it more fertile, dig a hole about 30-46 cm in width are the same. Peonies do not need to be planted as deep as this, but if your flower garden is rich in nutrients with such depth, hole depth like this is highly recommended so you can prepare a fertile ground for peony roots that will develop after planting. Wide hole that is at least 46cm is recommended for the same reason.
  • Add soil rich in nutrients and have enough water to the bottom of the hole. If your soil does not have enough water or low in nutrients, make 50/50 between the mixture of organic matter and soil your garden, and a guard was the mixture on the one hand to meet the hole.
  • Plant herbaceous peonies so that its tip is at 5 cm from the surface. Place the clump of peonies in a hole with a small tip or the "eye" long roots pointing upwards and downwards. The shoots should not be more than 5 cm from the surface, or your plants will not come to the surface. Continue to add soil around the peony to flat and flat land, and pressing the ground slowly to relieve air pressure that can dry out your plants. and if the tree peony Planting seedlings transplant at a depth of 10-15 cm below the surface. Tree peony with a wooden rod attached to the root clump affixed to stem graft at the root. Discover the bulge in the root where the stem and roots are combined together, and planting peonies so that the bulge is located at 10-15 cm below the soil surface.
  • Flush the peony. Give the new roots plenty of water to help the soil more fertile. Keep the soil moist, but not wet, until the peony emerge if planted in the spring.
Caring Peonies
Peonies requires very little maintenance because they are hardy flowering plants. However, the following tips treatments improve the living standards of peony plants.
Guide How to Plant and Care Plants Peonies With Good and Right
  • Peonies must be fed in early spring and again halfway through the growing season.
  • During the summer months are dry, Peonies require regular, deep watering.
  • Cultivate a half cup of low nitrogen fertilizer to the soil when the stem about 2 or 3 inches high.
  • Be careful not to damage the roots, and try to keep the fertilizer from direct contact with them, and do not over-fertilizer, because it produces a weak stems and flowering is reduced.
  • Eating is important because Peonies plant makes a very fast initial growth and this needs a complete meal to produce foliage and blooms.
  • For greater width, cut the excess buds of plants, so that only the terminal bud to develop.
  • For the number of flowers and flowering season again, leaving some lateral buds.
  • To prevent the flowers from breaking or bending during high winds or rain, giving the stock a sturdy plant stems and tie it with a thread loosely to the park or a strip of cloth.
  • Remove the flowers as soon as they fade to prevent seed development, which will use the necessary food reserves, and affect bloom next year.
  • In the fall, after the foliage dies back, cut the stems back to three inches, remove and destroy them.
Other articles : how to make your own organic fertilizer and liquid organic fertilizer.

Thus a brief discussion about Guide How to Plant and Care Plants Peony With Good and Right, and please read the guide also plant other crops, including guides planted hydrangeablueberry planting guidesa guide to plant roses, and planted strawberries in pots, hopefully what is presented can be useful for the reader who likes gardening, especially the love of flowers, and if anyone would be asked to fill in the comments field, then we can sharing experiences.

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Knowing and Understanding Drip Irrigation Systems as a Solution to Increase Production In Drought

Development of the agricultural sector today is directed towards an efficient and resilient agriculture, given the need for agricultural products continues to increase in line with population growth. Dryland farming is an activity that a lot of repetition barriers cultivation. One inhibiting factor is the lack of water. Dry land is a parcel of land that can be used for agriculture by using water as a limited and usually only expect from rainfall. Further dry land with only 4-5 months of wet categorized quite risky for the development of crops as well as for horticulture, although the land potential for the development of animal husbandry. The success in increasing the production of horticultural crops can not be separated from the role of irrigation is one of the important production factors. Efforts to achieve production targets on the one hand, and the right technology and low on the other hand has encouraged the use of excessive water without considering the efficient use of available resources. Technology in the field of irrigation is one of the determining factors in efforts to increase agricultural production, especially in the dryland farming. Therefore, in line with the development and progress in the field of irrigation, the irrigation technology which is commonly done by farmers needs to be refined based on the latest research and assessment.
Knowing and Understanding Drip Irrigation Systems as a Solution to Increase Production In Drought

During the dry season, the lands of rainfed cultivated with Watermelon, Long Bean, Chilli Red, Cucumbers etc. by using the open channel irrigation system with water from wells drilled is sucked by the pump engines (generally gasoline). Open channel irrigation systems are inefficient irrigation systems in the utilization of the water, even some literature says only about 10% of the water supplied is absorbed by plant roots, the rest (90%) is wasted through percolation, evaporation etc. Moreover, if the water pump engine placement too close together, in a few days and then the water becomes difficult to exploit, so the use of the pump engine becomes superfluous.

To overcome the above, the chosen alternative to using water-saving irrigation system is drip irrigation system with raw materials procurement network comes entirely from the area. Drip irrigation system can achieve 95% efficiency in the absorption of water by plants. Irrigation network using pipes PVC / PVC which are then removed from the water pipe using a plastic screw dropper dropper regulator, which dripped on nearby plants. Source water comes from wells drilled smoked with an electric water pump.

Calculation of the amount of water requirements for the survival of plants or often termed the modulus of irrigation, is a stage of calculation started designing an irrigation system whether they are open to rely on the laws of gravity and that are closed with a piping equipped with the technique of pumping to provide pressure enough for water drainage. Modulus irrigation of a plant, the calculations have not entered a factor in efficiency due to the loss of water due to irrigation systems that are used as the evaporation, percolation etc. Modulus irrigation of a crop will be different from other plants, also important is the state of precipitation and evaporation in the location of aquaculture activities take place. Analysis carried out after the modulus irrigation cropping pattern and cropping calendar of crops to be cultivated determined.

Cropping patterns and crop calendars good will optimize irrigation modulus of each type of crop, thus optimizing well as the efficient use of irrigation water. An area of ​​land planted with various types of plants will require treatment of irrigation water management is complex and must be integrated in order to fulfill the water needs for growing different types of crops cultivated. Therefore, apart from irrigation modulus calculation analysis needs to be done analysis of irrigation interval calculations that depend on the type of soil of cultivated land, especially the rate of depletion of the soil water content. The drip irrigation system is a system that uses a tube and drippers to deliver water at low pressure directly to the plant roots. This prevents stagnant water plants, water supply drip irrigation will flow drop by drop at a very slow speed and maintaining the necessary air soil by plant roots for healthy growth.

One of the secrets of making plants lush and healthy is by flowing water is often up to the roots. Very good drip irrigation system is used for flowers, vegetables, trees, shrubs and greenhouse plants, because system continuous flow water drop by drop. by using this system we will save a lot of time and money because we do not need excessive water flush every time it would be a waste of the water supply and make crops damaged. It's easy to automate drip irrigation by adding a battery-operated timer and saves valuable time for other tasks more important. Digital timer can be set to turn on automatically at any time of day and for as long as necessary.

Drip irrigation system works with low pressure, low volume sprayers are ideal to keep the plant moist seed. Very easy to use. with features to automate battery-operated drip irrigation with a timer so that saves you valuable time for other tasks more important. Digital timer can be set to turn on automatically at any time of day and for as long as necessary.

Pros and Cons Drip Irrigation
In the drip irrigation only the root zone of plants are given water, and with proper management in the percolation loss to be minimal. Evaporation from the soil could be lower because only a portion of the surface area of ​​the wet ground. Lower labor requirements and the system can be operated automatically. Percolation and evaporation loss reduction will generate economical water use. Weeds are easier to control, especially in the area of ​​land that is not irrigated. Bacteria, pests and other diseases that depend on a humid environment can be reduced, because parts of the plants that are above the soil generally dry.

The main weaknesses of drip irrigation is the high cost and blockage in the system components, especially emitters for small soil particles, biological and chemical materials. Emitter does not work so well for certain crops and problems caused salinity. Salts tend to accumulate around the edges of a wet surface. Because these systems are usually only wet part of the potential volume of soil-roots, plant roots can be limited only to the volume of land near each emitter (Schwab, 1992).

An area of ​​dry land between the emitter lateral network can cause the formation of dust from the processing operations and soil erosion by wind. Compared with surface irrigation system, in this case the necessary workforce with higher skills to operate and maintain the filtration equipment and other specialized components.

1. Drip Irrigation
This technique is relatively new because when I was little are not familiar with the technique of drip irrigation, irrigation alternative emerged after the problems water supply is limited while the plants can get water in the number is not too large as perennials area barren, but to meet the water needs even though few can pursued with this drip irrigation techniques. Even this method to be applied to growing ornamental plants and fruit in pots. The trick with tears to flow that has been set up to facilitate the monitoring could be discharged within how many days the water in the container is to be refilled.
Knowing and Understanding Drip Irrigation Systems as a Solution to Increase Production In Drought
2. Infiltration Technique
This is the childhood experience in which a neighbor put the pot of water beside the plants during the dry season, it turns out that plants can survive on the water supply of the pot that when lifted the bottom of the pot, although not flowing wet or damp. This technique can be developed using other more dense container is not porous by providing small holes to let liquids absorbed by plants. This method has not been my practice only in fantasy.

3. Irrigation Injection
Injecting irrigation technique is widely used for fertilization as did my friends when caring for durian trees, because the injected fluid also serves as a direct irrigation or irrigation. The trick circulate water through a hose into the skin of plants that have been drilled.
Knowing and Understanding Drip Irrigation Systems as a Solution to Increase Production In Drought
4. Irrigation Hanging
Irrigation hanging many of us encounter in mountainous areas, but the proper name for this irrigation technique is not really a suspension for using a pipe that given buffer. But the name is more popular as a name given to irrigation vanderwijk with different names, there are named thud severally, those who said irrigation hanging. Hanging irrigation name more appropriate to link the two heights such as cliffs two sides then placed bamboo or wood liaison between two cliffs to hang pipes.

5. Irrigation Pump
This is the new trend of people in our area near the river, when the dry season farmers irrigate cultivated land use engine pump takes water from rivers or wells.

if you want to apply this technique to be applied to agricultural land and need the equipment you have, you can visit Drip irrigation tools in here www.aliexpress.com, and you can choose according to your needs agricultural land.


Thus I can say about Knowing and Understanding Drip Irrigation Systems as a Solution to Increase Production In the dry season, more or less I apologize for my limited knowledge, if there is no question please fill in the comments, we can share information.

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