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Application of Biological Fertilizer and Organic Fertilizer in Increasing Agricultural Production

The application of biological fertilizer and organic fertilizer in increasing agricultural production, Each plant requires at least 16 elements or substances for normal growth, of 16 elements, the three elements (C, O, H) is obtained from the air, and 13 other elements obtained from the soil (N, P, K, Ca, Mg, S, Cl, Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, B, Mo). Of the 13 elements are elements taken only six plants in large amounts (macro elements), namely N, P, K, S, Ca, and Mg.

The main nutrients that plants need a lot but the amount or its availability is often lacking or insufficient in the soil is N, P, and K. Therefore, these three elements are added in the form of fertilizer. Land can be defined as a natural medium for plant growth which consists of minerals, organic materials and living organisms. Excessive application of chemical fertilizers and continuously can have negative impacts on soil and environmental conditions. But in reality, modern agriculture relies heavily on the use of chemicals such as fertilizers and pesticides to increase yields. Therefore, to reduce the negative impact, the organic fertilizer that contains microbial (biological fertilizer) can be used as an alternative to the use of chemical fertilizers.

Bio fertilizer
Biological fertilizer is fertilizer that is alive, as the name suggests this is a fertilizer that fertilizer is the main content of microorganisms. Manure as a fertilizer which is believed to be special because it has many functions, as well as the supply of plant nutrients, fertilizers can also serve as protection of plants, decompose chemical residues and various other positive benefits.

Biological fertilizer consists of the active ingredient inoculant living organism that serves to tie up certain nutrients or facilitating the availability of nutrients in the soil for plants. This is for some people, it is not appropriate fertilizer referred to as fertilizer, why? Because in the process, it only adds to the nutrient fertilizer, fertilizer while it itself has no nutrients.
In other languages ​​is called bio fertilizer biological fertilizer and bio-fertilizer call. The content in this type of fertilizer are microorganisms that have a positive role for the plant.

Microbial group is often used to tie up the N from the air, microbes that dissolve nutrients (especially P and K) as well as groups of microbes that stimulate plant growth. Biological fertilizer can also be combined with some kind of specific carrier materials as a medium living or growing of microbes contained therein.
Working Mechanism Bio fertilizer
Fertilizers microbiological fertilizer is not unusual that directly improve soil fertility by adding nutrients to the soil. Fertilizers microbiological work through the activity of microorganisms present in the microbiological fertilizer. Microorganism is the one who works in accordance with the "expertise" of its respectively. Such microorganisms, some have "expertise" tie up nitrogen from the air, which has "expertise" outlines Phosphate and Potassium artifacts in the soil, so that the molecules of the compound Phosphate or Potassium great that it describes a compound Phosphate and Potassium simple, which can be absorbed by plants , Without these microorganisms, or Potassium Phosphate compounds contained in the soil, it will not be absorbed by plants. Besides, there are microorganisms "experts" to produce plant growth regulators, or "experts" to produce an anti-pest. Microorganisms in microbiological fertilizer restore natural nutrient cycles of soil and organic material to form soil. Through the use of microbiological fertilizers, healthy plants can be grown while improving sustainability and soil health. Besides, there are types of microorganisms that have the ability to decompose organic matter, so it is great utilized to accelerate the composting process. And, do not also forget the types of microorganisms that can absorb heavy metals, so it is great utilized for bio remediation process of heavy metal contaminated land.

Benefits of Using Biological Fertilizer
As described above, there are a lot of soil microorganisms have "expertise" respectively. However, the use of chemical fertilizers continuous and excessive, can kill microorganisms that had to be naturally in the soil. Therefore, in soils that have poor microorganism, biological fertilizer is one of the best ways and important in efforts to improve soil fertility. The use of biological fertilizers will not leave residues on the crop that is safe for human health. In addition the use of biological fertilizers is expected to improve soil health, stimulate plant growth and increase crop production.

you are interested in applying biological fertilizer for the soil and your plants.? you can try using mycorrhizal microbes because these microbes is very good in the formation of plant roots to be very good, plants are given these microbes roots will grow very fast and torrential. if you are confused to find this microbial starter you can visit mycorrhizae inoculum there are many choices of starter mycorrhizal wide range of packing, so you can choose according to the needs of your plants.

Organic fertilizer
Organic fertilizer is defined as the fertilizer is partially or entirely derived from plant or animal that has been through the engineering process, can be solid or liquid that is used to supply organic matter to improve the physical, chemical and biological soil. Organic fertilizers have a variety of types and variants. The types of differentiated organic fertilizer from raw materials, methods of manufacture and form. In terms of raw material is made of animal manure, forage or a mixture of both. There are a lot of methods of making such a variety of aerobic compost, Bokashi, and so forth. While the side there is a tangible form of powder, liquid or granules or tablets.
Organic fertilizer technology is growing rapidly these days. This development could not be separated from the impact of the use of chemical fertilizers that cause a variety of problems, ranging from the destruction of ecosystems, loss of soil fertility, health problems, the problem of dependence of farmers on fertilizer. Therefore, the use of organic fertilizer invited back to address these problems.

The types of organic fertilizers
On various types of organic fertilizer used by farmers in the field. In general, organic fertilizers distinguished by shape and constituent materials. In terms of form, there is a liquid organic fertilizer and solid. While the views of the constituent materials are green manure, manure and compost.

a. Green manure
Green manure is a fertilizer that is derived from the weathering of plants, both plant crop residues, or plants deliberately planted for organic materials. Plants used for green manure of species including legumes (beans) and aquatic plants (Azola). Types of plants have been because it contains nutrients, especially nitrogen, high and rapidly decomposes in the soil.

The application of green manure can be directly embedded into the ground or through the composting process. On dry land or dry land, the farmers used to grow leguminos, such as ki rain, as the garden fence. In certain moments the hedges trimmed to take the organic material. Forage from legume plants can be directly applied to the soil as fertilizer. Meanwhile, in paddy fields farmers usually use Azola as green manure. Azola is a water fern plants that grow wild in the fields. These plants live in soil that contains a lot of water. Azola can be directly used as fertilizer by means embedded into the soil during land preparation.

b. Manure
Manure is a fertilizer derived from animal waste such as poultry, cattle, buffalo and goats. In general manure are distinguished by animal feces and pee pee. Examples of animal urine is cow, goat and buffalo. Animals that do not urinate most of fowl such as chickens, ducks and duck.

Characteristics of animal waste pee decay time is relatively longer, lower nitrogen content, but rich in phosphorus and potassium. Manure this type suitable for use in plants taken fruit or seeds such as cucumbers, beans, and fruit crops. While the characteristics of animal waste that does not piss faster decay time, high nitrogen content, but less rich in phosphorus and potassium. Manure is suitable to be applied to this type of leaf vegetable crops such as lettuce, spinach and kale.

Manure is widely used as a base fertilizer plant because of the availability of abundant and easy manufacturing process. Manure does not require such a long process of making compost. Manure fairly muted until the situation is dry and mature before it is applied to land.

c. Compost
Compost is a fertilizer produced from the decay of organic material through biological processes with the help of decomposing organisms. Decomposers or decomposers organisms may be microorganisms. Microorganisms decomposers can be a bacteria, fungus or mold. While macro organisms decomposers of the most popular is the earthworm. Viewed from the manufacturing process, there are two methods of making compost is aerobic process (involving air) and anaerobic processes (not involving air).

Nowadays composting technology has been growing rapidly. Various variants of decomposers and their method of manufacture are found. So that the compost produced manifold, for example Bokashi fertilizers, vermicompost, organic liquid fertilizer and organic fertilizer tablets. Compost can be made easily, please read how to make compost. Even some types of compost can be made from household waste, such as manure and compost Bokashi takakura.

if you need compost / organic fertilizer ready for use, you can visit the organic fertilizer packs or in here Asian region, and you can choose according to the needs for land or your plants.

d. Bio-organic fertilizer
Biological fertilizer is a fertilizer consisting of a living organism that has the ability to improve soil fertility and produce essential nutrients for plants. In the Minister of Agriculture of biological fertilizers are not classified as organic fertilizer but rather as an effort to improve soil fertility, see the explanation in terms of biological fertilizer. However, in its application in the field is often regarded as an organic fertilizer.

Bio fertilizer works unlike ordinary organic fertilizer that can directly improve soil fertility by providing nutrients to plants. The natural fertilizers provide nutrients through the gradual process by binding to the N elements of the atmosphere, dissolving phosphorus and synthesize other substances that plants need. Thus, the biological fertilizer soil fertilization cycles will be ongoing and sustainable basis.

Biological fertilizer is made by isolating certain bacteria such as Azotobacter choococum functioning N binding elements, Bacillus megaterium bacteria that can dissolve and Bacillus mucilaginous P element that can dissolve an element of K. The microorganisms can be obtained in forest land, mountains or source- other sources.

Thus, the use of organic fertilizer has a lot of benefits when applied in fertilizing agricultural crop land. The emphasis on the use of organic fertilizers and sustainable continuous basis will provide advantages and benefits in the long-term use:
  • Organic fertilizers can play a role to mobilize or bridge the existing nutrient ground so as to form the ion particles are readily absorbed by plant roots.
  • Organic fertilizers play a role in the release of soil nutrients slowly and continuously so as to help and prevent an explosion supply of nutrients that can make plants become poisoned.
  • Organic fertilizer helps maintain soil moisture and reduce the pressure or tension structure of the soil on the roots of plants
  • Organic fertilizers can improve soil structure in terms of the composition of the soil particles that are in a more stable and tends to increase as the soil structure was instrumental in the movement of water and air particles in the soil, beneficial microorganisms activity, root growth and seed germination.
  • Organic fertilizer helps prevent topsoil erosion which is a layer containing a lot of nutrients.
  • The use of organic fertilizer also plays an important role in treating / maintaining soil fertility levels are already in circumstances of excessive fertilization with inorganic fertilizers / chemicals in the soil.
  • Organic fertilizers play a positive role in maintaining widespread loss of nutrients Nitrogen and phosphorus dissolved in the soil.
  • The existence of organic fertilizers are available in abundance and readily available.
However, it should also be realized that the advantages and benefits that are not available over the double in the use of pure bio fertilizers / organic / chemical. The best step is to combine the use of chemical fertilizers, organic fertilizers, and biological fertilizers appropriately so that the initial goal to increase soil fertility and increase productivity of agricultural crops evident, or so-called merger of Physics, Chemistry and Biology.

Similarly, a brief review I can say on the Application of Biological Fertilizer and Organic Fertilizer in Increasing Agricultural Production, hopefully can be useful for the readers, do not forget to share this short article to get more useful. And I wait comments readers to discuss and learn together about the farm with the comments that have been provided.

Knowing the True Potato Cultivation Tips For Results Abundant

Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) plants included into pieces two (dikotil) of the family Solanaceae. This plant is an annual plant and has the ability to reproduce vegetatively through the tubers. Potato cultivation will flourish in colder climates, the high temperature causes the plant can not form bulbs.
Knowing the True Potato Cultivation Tips For Results Abundant
A good height for the cultivation of potatoes in the range of 1000-2000 meters above sea level with a temperature of 14-22 degrees Celsius. Good rainfall during the growing period is 1000-1500 mm potato plants. If the rainfall is too high can cause rot in the tubers.

  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Division: Spermatophyta,
  • Sub Division: Angiospermae,
  • Class: Dicotyledonae,
  • Order: solanales,
  • Family: Solanaceae,
  • Genus: Solanum
  • Species: Solanum tuberosum
Terms Growing Potato
Before you know how to plant and stage of potato cultivation method, you should know in advance the requirements grow this plant. If you have land in accordance with the criteria required for planting potatoes, then you can start planting potatoes today.
  • Potato planting is suitable to be planted in our country. However, this plant will grow optimally in a cool area, in the highlands for example. Potatoes grown in the lowlands with less cold temperatures will produce small-sized potatoes.
  • Potatoes are a type of plant that requires moderate rainfall that is 1,500 mm per year.
  • Potatoes grow optimally at temperatures between 15-18 degrees Celsius at night and 24-30 degrees Celsius during the day. Such temperatures can be obtained in the cool temperate regions such as in the mountains for example.
  • Potato crops should be planted in areas not windy. Why is that? Because the wind is less suitable for this kind of tuber crops where the wind can easily blow away a variety of viruses and diseases that are harmful to potato crops.
Potato cultivation start
As well as the cultivation of other crops, there are several stages of potato cultivation techniques that you should look. Here are some steps on how to plant potatoes:

First thing to note in the cultivation of potatoes is the state of the soil that will be used, whether a state of loose soil or solid. Required for solid ground piracy or hoeing to a depth of approximately 30 cm. After completion of plowed soil settling for 2-3 days, then raked 5 cm, then let stand for one week. For loose soil conditions, with enough processing raked it, then let it sit for one week. Time omission until one week aims to improve soil aeration.

It should also be noted soil moisture conditions. Potatoes are a sensitive crop, state land can not be too wet or too dry. Many cultivation of potatoes which foundered because it does not pay attention to soil moisture. If the wet soil conditions, prepare the irrigation system in the form of a slightly elevated mound. When dry soil conditions do the watering. After passing one week leveled ground and made mound. The width of the ridges are generally 80 cm with a height of 5 cm.

Potato crop fertilization
On the surface, the ridges scatter manure, or can also be made holes to put fertilizer centrally to avoid erosion of fertilizer. Manure that is ideal for the cultivation of potatoes is 20-50 tons per hectare, depending on soil fertility. In addition to manure, add as much as 350 kg NPK per hectare. NPK mode of administration can be deployed centrally or by making holes near the bulbs are planted on ridges.

Other articles : how to make your own organic fertilizer and liquid organic fertilizer.

Planting seed potatoes
Before you are ready for planting, seed tubers need to be stored for approximately three months. Functions that can be caught tubers sprout well, because the potato tubers have dormancy period. Tubers have sprouted, trimming buds do the selection. Shoots longer than 2 cm discarded, because the shoots that are too long is not good for grown. Weight bulbs are good for around 30-50 grams of seeds per fruit.

Place the tubers which have been trimmed in the ridges, above the manure that has been deployed at or near pits that had been given fertilizer. Spacing the mounds range from 20-30 cm. After the bulbs are placed, piled with soil to form the ridges as high as 10-15 cm. Let the left and right of the ridges forming trenches for drainage.

Maintenance of potato plants
Maintenance actions consist of watering, the mounds, weed control, pest control and plant diseases. Plant maintenance period in potato cultivation requires a high degree of accuracy. Potato plant maintenance schedule should be disciplined and obedient.

Watering plants
Watering is done according to the soil and weather conditions. In humid and often rains, relatively not require watering. If the new state of the soil looks dry do the watering, but it should be noted the condition of the soil should not be too wet, let alone to be flooded.

Weeding is done in conjunction with the repair ridges. Usually done after one month of planting. Weeds can be cleaned with a sickle or leftovers, after the weeds cleared mounds repaired. The next weeding is done after a two-month-old plants. After that, no longer needed weeding, because the plants are lush canopy so difficult weeds to grow.

Pest and disease control
Pest and disease control is very important in the cultivation of potatoes. The productivity of potato plants is influenced by plant health condition. Spraying fungicides and insecticides began a 10-day-old plants. Interval spraying is done twice a week, or depending on the symptoms of damage are visible.

Medicines are given in the form of fungicide and insecticide. The recommended concentration in accordance with the instructions for use on the label. In addition to spraying, pest and disease control can be done also with crop rotation. Do crop rotation with legumes or pulses. Time crop rotation takes at least 2-3 years, new land can be planted with potatoes again.

The types of pests and diseases commonly found in potato cultivation, among others:
  • Late blight (Phytophthora infestans)
  • Bacterial wilt (Pseudomonas solanacearum)
  • Spotting software (Altenaria solani)
  • Fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum)
  • Leaf roll virus (PLRV)
  • Root knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.)
  • Caterpillar roll (Phthorimae Operculella)
  • Rhizoctonia solani
  • Viruses (viruses X, Y virus, virus S)
  • Epilachna Puntata
  • Ground caterpillar (Agrotis Ipsilon)
  • Green aphids (Myzus persicae and Aphis Nasturtii)
  • Mole-cricket (Cryllotalpa Sp.)
Other Articles : how to make your own natural fungicide and natural Pesticides.

Harvesting of potato cultivation
Age potato until ready to harvest depends on the variety, high land and the seasons. In general the cultivation cycle of the potato tuber ready to be harvested between 80-120 days. Harvesting must be considered, not too early or too old. Harvest too early, making potato quality is low because the formation of carbohydrates in the development of bulbs are still not optimum. While harvesting too old potato tubers increases the risk of developing the disease and damaged.

To check the readiness of the harvest, potato tubers dug at random. Sampling should be done evenly so as to represent the location of planting. The roots are taken seen the level of maturity. Or, if we are already skilled can by watching the shape and color of the leaves. Plants that are ready for harvest, the green color of the leaves began to fade and look dry.
Knowing the True Potato Cultivation Tips For Results Abundant
Harvesting can be done with a fork, in this case must be considered right not to fork injure tubers. If the fear of damaged tubers exposed to stab a fork, harvesting can be done with a hand hoe. With this tool, the smaller the risk of damage, but the harvesting process is longer. After the tubers dug up, let some time or drying for a few moments. So that the layer of soil that surrounds the bulb is easy to clean. Then boxed potato tubers into the sack or basket.

Thus a brief discussion about Knowing the True Potato Cultivation Tips For Results Abundant, and please read the guide also cultivating other crops, including strawberry plant in a pot guide, guide the cultivation of corn, planting guide orchids, papaya cultivation guide, guide planting ginger in a pot, and guide the cultivation of bananas. And may be useful for the readers, especially those interested in developing the potato crop in the region, the point should not be afraid to try and get to know more closely the plant to be cultivated, because we are the ones who will care for and maintain it, it is one of the factors for success in cultivation. and do not forget to share it with others so that this information could be useful again.

Easy Guide To Make Amino Acids and Knowing Benefits For Plants

How do the amino acids in plants? Applications amino acid is one of the methods to improve the quality and quantity of crop production. Plants are able to synthesize the amino acid itself, through the base material of carbon, oxygen, hydrogen and nitrogen through a complex biochemical process and requires considerable energy. With the application of an external amino acids, the plant can conserve energy use, so that it can be used for other metabolic processes. The energy savings will also reduce the need for energy and nutrients forming biosynthetic enzymes.
Easy Guide To Make Amino Acids and Knowing Benefits For Plants
Amino acids are the basic ingredient in protein biosynthesis. More than 20 types of amino acids play a role in the biosynthesis process. Some research suggests that the amino acid is directly or indirectly able to influence the activity of plant physiology. Amino acids can be applied by spraying the leaves, and watering on land. This will increase soil microbial activity, and support the process of assimilation of nutrients.

  • Increase resistance to stress (high temperatures, low humidity, drought, pest attack plants, frost, flood).
  • Protein synthesis.
  • Increase the content of chlorophyll.
  • Regulate stomatal opening (mouth leaves).
  • Chelating agent (binder) micro elements.
  • Raw materials hormone.
  • Help pollination and fruit set.
  • Increase soil microbial activity.
Environmental Stress Resistance
Environmental stress conditions such as high temperature, low humidity, drought, frost, pest attack, flood, or phytotoxic due to pesticides have a negative effect on plant metabolism that results in a decrease in the quality and quantity of crop production. Application of amino acids before, during, or after the occurrence of environmental stress will provide intake of amino acids that are directly related to the management of physiological stress in plants, so the plants are not disturbed metabolic processes. Proline play a role in the physiology of stress in plants.

Effect On Photosynthesis
Plants perform photosynthesis to produce carbohydrates. The low rate of photosynthesis which results in reduced synthesis of carbohydrate (photosynthate). Chlorophyll content was instrumental to the process of photosynthesis to the absorption of light energy. The higher the chlorophyll, the photosynthetic rate is also higher. Glycine and glutamic acid base compound in vegetative tissue formation and the synthesis of chlorophyll. Applications amino acids will increase the content of chlorophyll in the leaves so that the rate of photosynthesis becomes higher.

Chelation Nutrient
Amino acids have the effect of chelation of the micro-nutrients. Chelation is a chemical bond between the metal ion chelating agent. When applied together with micro-nutrients, absorption and transportation of micronutrients inside the plant easier. Glycine and glutamic acid is highly effective chelating agent.

Hormones and plant growth regulator
Amino acids are the compounds forming some hormones and growth regulators. Plant hormones such as auxin, cytokinin, gibberellin, and hormones associated with the formation of the interest generated by the synthesis of amino acids. Methionine is a precursor of ethylene, tryptophan is a precursor of auxin, Arginine induces the formation of flowering hormones.

Opening organize Stomata
Stomata mainly plays a role in gas exchange, regulation of water balance in plants through transpiration, helps the absorption of macro and micro elements. The process of opening and closing of stomata is regulated by external factors (temperature, CO2 content, light, and humidity) and internal factors (concentration of the amino acid, abscisic acid, etc.).

Stomata close when light and low humidity, high temperature. When stomata close, then the rate of photosynthesis and transpiration decreases, so that the absorption of macro and micro elements will decline. This leads to disruption of metabolic processes of plants which results in decreased crop production. Applications amino acids would make the stomata open longer so that there will be an increase in plant metabolism.

Soil Microbiology balance
Amino acids are nutrients for the soil microbes. Application of amino acids into the soil will increase the activity and microbial population, regulates the balance of microbes in the soil. Balance and high microbial activity in the soil will improve the mineralization of organic matter in the soil, thereby increasing soil fertility. Nutrient cycle is going well and the availability of nutrients to the plants become more numerous. The balance of soil microbiology is one key to improving the quality of the soil.

  • Blender materials containing protein (fish, snails, worms, soybean) with a water ratio of 1: 1.
  • Heat to a temperature of 60 degrees Celsius for 1 minute.
  • Cool and adjust the pH to 5.
  • Add a solution of the enzyme papain / meat tenderizer (papain 0.5% / 10% of papaya latex material).
  • Blend until smooth and blended.
  • Store in a closed container, opening and closing the container every day to remove the gas.
  • A week later can be used.
  • Concentration: 4 mL / liter for flush, 2 ml / liter to spray.
  • The frequency of application 1-2 weeks.
  • Can be poured into manure to improve the microorganisms.
  • For pH adjustment using Citric Acid and Acid Posphat (recommendation for horticultural crops). Citric Acid dose estimates about 2 grams per liter.
  • pH adjustment aims to reduce the unpleasant aroma alone, so when used alone (not industrial scale) pH does not need to be regulated.
  • Amino acids function as chelating agents (chelating agent) - micro elements would be bound so easily absorbed and reused by plants.
  • Papain and papaya latex can be replaced by a meat tenderizer products on the market or pineapple. Its function breaks down proteins into amino acids.
if you do not want to be bothered, you can use that are sold packaged, if confused search for it, you can search for Amino acid plants in here amazon.com, and you can choose according to your wishes.

Knowing so little reviews Knowing Impact and How to Make Amino Acids For Plants, may be useful for the reader, and You do not want to forget to share this article to be more useful.